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Imaging equipment and consumables


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Welcome to the home page of the 'Imaging equipment and consumables' project to develop a preparatory and an impact assessment study to identify and assess the feasibility of sustainable product policy instruments for imaging equipment and consumables under the Ecodesign and Energy Labelling framework.

The scope of this study covers printers, copying machines, scanners and multi-functional devices (MFD) and consumables, such as containers and cartridges.

The Ecodesign Directive and the Energy Labelling Regulation are two of the policy instruments deployed in the EU to reduce the environmental impacts of products throughout their entire life cycles.

The European Commission has included Imaging Equipment in the new Ecodesign and Energy Labelling Working Plan 2022-20241 and launched the preparation of regulatory measures for this product group

During this project, continuous and broad consultation is foreseen with experts and stakeholders representing all facets of the product group and its supply chain, including manufacturers, remanufacturers, consumer organisations, academia, and NGOs, as well as Member State representatives.

JRC Directorate B undertakes independent, neutral, science-based research in support of the study and involves stakeholder experts through a structured technical working group process.


Project team

David Bernad Beltran



Directorate B is one of the six scientific directorates of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC). Since 1994, we promote and enable a better understanding of the links between technology, economy and society. Our mission is to provide customer-driven support to the EU policy-making process by developing science-based responses to policy challenges that have both a socio-economic as well as a scientific/ technological dimension. Our work is undertaken, mainly, at the request of other Directorates-General of the European Commission. In addition in recent years, several assignments have been carried out for the European Parliament. Directorate B collaborates closely with the other directorates of the Joint Research Centre, and multiple partners across Europe.

The Product Bureau team of the Circular Economy and Industrial Leadership Unit focuses its work on assisting DG ENVIRONMENT, DG GROW, DG ENERGY and other DGs with technical background studies on the product policy tools of the EU Ecolabel, EU Green Public Procurement, Ecodesign and the EU Energy Label for numerous product groups.

Project plan

The Preparatory Study develops the background data analysis to a stage where policy-makers are enabled to propose a mix of policy options and technical requirements for the product group in question. The data to be compiled must comprehensively summarise the environmental, market, socio-economic and technical information for the product group concerned. The Preparatory Study addresses the following tasks, in accordance with the Methodology for the Ecodesign of Energy-related Products (MEErP) developed by the European Commission:

  • Task 1– Scope
  • Task 2 – Markets
  • Task 3 – Users
  • Task 4 – Technologies
  • Task 5 – Environment and Economics
  • Task 6 – Design options
  • Task 7 – Scenarios

Stakeholder involvement is a crucial part of this study, for data collection and joint analysis. Stakeholder contact is organised through a structured technical working group process.


This chart shows an indicative timeline of the project:

Timeline chart



If you would like to be informed about the project, register as a stakeholder in the following link: Registration for Product Groups.

Contact us

For any administrative or other queries, please use the following dedicated FMB:


Document Description

In order to keep you informed of the details and progress of the project, we list on this page key public access documents in 'most recent first' order. This section contains the main documents used as reference, and the JRC working documents. We welcome your comments and suggestions on these working documents, as this will help us improving them and take your views on board.


Documents Section

Product Group Category